Archive for the ‘Fractional Reserve Banking’ Category

For anyone not familiar with the work of Ann Pettifor – one of the few to correctly call the coming of the financial crisis a number of years prior to it arriving, and one of the main proponents of the Jubilee 2000 campaign which cancelled a portion of third world debt – please search for her various articles, lectures and opinions online.

Associated with Keynesian economics and the Labour party, her views may be dismissed by some, however upon closer inspection, I was interested in her view on the creation of money, and what this meant for resolving the debt and economic problems facing the developing world.

She is principally part of the PRIME think tank/research group, which has a number of papers on its site proving an alternative voice on economic issues

The above lecture at the LSE discusses her latest book, ‘The Production of Money: How to Break the Power of Bankers’, and gives an insight into her theories.

What I wish to highlight, are the following;

  • The issue of commodity money, and how scarce resources should not be used as a basis of any monetary system
  • The recognition that a fiat monetary system, can and should be used for the benefit of the population – outside the control of private banks, but in the knowledge that an entirely man-made system should be used to achieve a level of prosperity in all societies
  • There are certainly many socialist aspects to these beliefs, such as exerting capital controls and spending money into existence in terms of health, education and social expenditure thus increasing national debt, however interest ideally should not be necessary when such a system is implemented
  • There are some similarities with what Positive Money are advocating, but it seems there are specific differences, as this discussion points out…

 

 

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Assuming one can get around the root of the matter (which you can’t since these are facts which have not been questioned, rather they have been accepted by the practitioners themselves throughout history), which is; Money is fictitious, no intrinsic value, it is fiat, it is always loaned into existence – all money is interest bearing, furthermore, money is of (created from) interest itself, consider the following points which I would like to highlight in order to put the concept of these debt products into perspective;

  • These creations are based/modelled on debt products. The conventional guise of this instrument is an interest bearing debt, the sharia equivalent must mimic all of these qualities, and perform for the same uses ie. it is the same product by a different name (= DECEIT)
  • All cash flows, or rather ‘Rent’/’Profit Share’ must be benchmarked against the prevailing risk free rate, or the yield must meet a company’s cost of capital requirements and therefore all cash flows, whatever their innocent sounding names, are embedded with interest. Remember, an interest rate is itself is comprised of the risk free rate, a risk premium and a profit margin. Without this, the whole reason behind ‘Islamic Finance’ goes out the window – it must meet a clients required return in comparison to other assets/products that can match yield available
  • These are still IOUs, adding to the proliferation of debt based financing  – in a system/world which is created of and from Debt. Again, remember that one of the needs which spurred creation of this product was the need to raise/take advantage of, surplus capital in a particular demographic/region considering that which was already available elsewhere, or not easily available rather. The status quo of building ever higher mountains of obligations still stands true.

I hope to be able to build upon this argument in future posts…..

https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/monetary-system-topic/fractional-reserve-banking-tut/v/overview-of-fractional-reserve-banking

This praiseworthy organisation is known for providing free, all accessible learning for everyone on a range of core topics.

It does a sterling job of condensing hard to understand subjects, into bite size, digestible knowledge

Few areas have escaped its coverage, and I was fascinated to discover a number of sessions on Banking and Money.

The attached video is one of a three part series explaining how money is created by the private banks, something most people still know little about. This touches many key areas such explaining what Money is, how it actually works and raising valid questions about alternatives.

It doesn’t stop there, you can search for further tutorials on more how banks work, and again how they create money, as well as other technical aspects of the money supply, to name one example.

Its always good to see those of understanding laying bare these facts in a plain manner demonstrating just how easy it is to lift the veil which seems to cover these elements of a modern economy.

Too good not to share….you would think the public at large would notice something that big….guess not

One argument which is used to discredit any realistic attempt to return to a gold standard in todays environment of ever expanding money supply, is that currently there is too much money in the system and too little gold to be able to adequately replace one for the other.

Well, Jim Rickards has one answer for us to consider…..

It is true that at today’s price of about $1,300 an ounce, if you had to scale down the money supply to equal the physical gold times 1,300 that would be a great reduction of the money supply.

That would indeed lead to deflation. But to avoid that, all we have to do is increase the gold price. In other words, take the amount of existing gold, place it at, say, $10,000 dollars an ounce, and there’s plenty of gold to support the money supply.

The limiting factor here is not the commodity….but the price itself.

Basic supply and demand economics and its impact on price…..don’t let so-called experts make simple concepts seem impossible. We can’t change the quantity, so change the price! Guess that means the market does not give us a correct price signal in view of this?

I’ve done that calculation, and it’s fairly simple. It’s not complicated mathematics

A Fascinating and extremely pertinent view expressed by MoneyWeek in the following article

A question which has certainly been raised in discussions about the nature and indeed, the durability, of this cryptocurrency, one must decide whether this trend will fall victim to many of the faults of other fiat currencies or does it take of the allure of precious commodities which can potentially outlast humanity itself?

On the surface I cannot think of Bitcoin as anything other than pseudo-fiat, however we may never even know the authority behind it, even if it is everyone of those that use it – can we not fall victim to the same whims of the State? Any man made invention will have its deep flaws and cannot be assumed to be beyond manipulation.

However, I understand the commodity like nature of it too, but as Buffet once remarked about gold, you certainly cannot eat bitcoin, you can’t even touch it, so how much of a commodity can we really think of it as?

..if someone were to hack the algorithm behind a bitcoin, that might have the same effect as a central bank printing money: it could lead to a loss of faith and value. Now there’s an irony! Central bankers are to fiat currencies what hackers are to cryptocurrencies!

My research will continue….

This past week, the London School of Economics, hosted an event on the Nature of Money, see details here.

One of the speakers was Dr Waltraud Schelkle, part of the LSE, an Associate Professor of Political Economy.

Please play the audio from time stamp 52.05 for a question put to the panel regarding the fraudulent aspects of the system. Dr Schelkle answers that she disagrees that the system is indeed based on deceit and she points to the ‘success’ of the Capitalist nations….

I think Susan Steed, another panellist, does an excellent job of refuting her shallow argument, without mentioning by name what I think is most key when understanding how the rich became rich…the Transatlantic Slave Trade…

I would also point the Dr to the numerous posts examining this on this blog, and will make an effort to highlight other key counterarguments in future

Fortuitously, this week I received a post from MoneyWeek entitled…”A 92bn Scam

It went on to state;

The $92 billion was income generated on the Federal Reserve’s portfolio of US government bonds. It bought vast numbers of these bonds by expanding its balance sheet and printing money. The government then paid interest on those bonds. That interest is the Federal Reserve’s return. That return is then passed back to the government as an important source of income.

To be clear, this is the state creating money from nothing… to lend to itself… to then pay interest on… and then use that interest as another source of revenue. That’s Deep State financial policy.

Misrepresenting transactions, making it seem as though the government is solvent when it is using a glorified Ponzi scheme…..that’s Fraud in my book.